Flora and Fauna in Palestine

By: Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa

Classification of Living Species in Palestine:

 

Classification of Living Species in Palestine:

 

Taxon

Number of Species

 

Species assumed to exist

 

Prokaryota

5,100

 

 

 

thereof:

 

Archea

100

 

 

 

 

Eubacteria

5,000

 

 

 

Protoctista

1,800

 

900

Algae

2,000

 

100

Fungi

 

 

800

 

TOTAL LOWER KINGDOMS

9,700

 

1000

 

Bryophyta

260

 

30

Lichens

235

 

?

Ferns - wild

25

 

?

Ferns - cultivated

70

 

?

Spermatophya - wild

2,780

 

110

Spermatophyta - cultivated

2,750

 

?

 

TOTAL PLANTAE

6,120

 

140

 

Sponges

160

 

10-20

Cnidarians

870

 

30-50

Comb-jellies

25

 

?

Worms - flat, round, annelids

1,280

 

100

Total mollusks

2,200

 

30-50

 

thereof:

 

Inland and terrestrial mollusks

229

 

 

 

 

Mediterranean mollusks

850

 

 

 

 

Red Sea mollusks

1,120

 

 

 

Bryozoans

65

 

?

Arthropoda (except insects)

3,400

 

500

Arthropoda (insects)

20,500

 

2000

Echinoderms

160

 

?

 

Total Invertebrates

28,660

 

2,720

 

Sea squirts

100

 

?

Hemichordates

30

 

?

Fish

1,728

 

150-200

 

thereof:

 

Freshwater fish - wild

36

 

 

 

 

Freshwater fish - cultivated

12

 

 

 

 

Mediterranean fish

410

 

 

 

 

Red Sea fish

1,270

 

 

 

Amphibians

9

 

 

Reptiles

97

 

1-3

Birds

511

 

40-50

Mammals

116

 

1-2

 

Total Vertebrates

2,591

 

255

 

TOTAL ANIMALIA

31,251

 

2,975

 

TOTAL SPECIES

47,071

 

4,115

The estimated number of species assumed to exist is based on unidentified material already collected but not yet described, as well as species that should be found in Israel, according to taxonomists specializing in the different groups of flora and fauna.